Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a sovereign country in South Asia. With a population exceeding 180 million people, it is the sixth most populous country and with an area covering 796,095 km2 (307,374 sq mi), it is the 36th largest country in the world in terms of area. Pakistan has a 1,046-kilometre (650 mi) coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west, Iran to the southwest and China in the northeast. It is separated from Tajikistan by Afghanistan's narrow Wakhan Corridor in the north, and also shares a marine border with Oman.
Pakistan is a federal parliamentary republic consisting of four provinces and four federal territories. It is an ethnically and linguistically diverse country, with a similar variation in its geography and wildlife. It has a semi-industrialized economy with a well-integrated agriculture sector; its economy is the 26th largest in the world in terms of purchasing power and is also characterized among the emerging and growth-leading economies of the world.
Many languages are spoken in Pakistan, including a number of provincial and regional languages. Urdu is the National Language of Pakistan while English is the official language, used in government and legal contracts.
Islamabad is the federal capital city of Pakistan located within the Islamabad Capital Territory. According to a 2012 estimate the population of Islamabad including its surrounding territory has increased to 2 million and together with its neighboring twin city of Rawalpindi, the greater Islamabad-Rawalpindi metropolitan area is the third largest conurbation in Pakistan with a population of over 4.5 million inhabitants.
Since its foundation, Islamabad has attracted people from all over Pakistan, making it one of the most cosmopolitan and urbanized cities of Pakistan. As the seat of the Government Islamabad hosts a large number of foreign diplomats, politicians and government employees.
Islamabad has the highest literacy rate in Pakistan. There are several universities in Islamabad, including some of the top-ranked universities in the country such as Quaid-i-Azam University, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences, Pakistan Institute of Engineering & Applied Sciences and National University of Sciences and Technology. Allama Iqbal Open University in Islamabad is one of the world's largest universities by enrollment.
There are several top class hotels in Islamabad providing comfortable and affordable accommodation. Examples include Serena Hotel, Marriott Hotel, and the Islamabad Hotel.
Autumn (September - November)
The autumn months in Islamabad are dry with a shift in weather from extremely hot to moderate especially in the evenings. In October one can expect relatively mild weather for tropical inhabitants which may appear warmer for Europeans.
§ Daytime temperatures of 20-30 degree Celsius and nighttime temperatures of 5-15 degree Celsius.
§ Clothing suggestion: cotton clothes for the day, and light woollies for the evenings. A light pullover / jacket for evenings is recommended.
Foreigners are recommended to wear baggy clothes or long skirts for comfortable travel outside.
One US Dollar can be exchanged for about 100 Pakistani Rupees. Euros, Pound Sterling, and other major currencies can be easily exchanged. Foreign currency in cash is allowed up to a limit of 5000 USD (equivalent). Currency exchange facilities are available in most banks and (registered) currency changers as well as the airport. Major hotels also provide currency exchange facility but may charge commission. Exchanging money in the street is not advisable.
Credit/ Debit Cards
Credit Cards are accepted at most hotels, restaurants and shops. Visa and Master Card are widely accepted, but it is recommended to ask the shop/outlet prior to shopping if they accept cards or cash only.
It is also recommended that you advise your bank or card managers that you intend to travel abroad so that no block will be put on the usage of your Credit or ATM Cards. You may give them a 'phone number’ where you can be contacted abroad. Before travelling, ensure that you have noted down all credit card numbers and associated contact numbers for card issuers in case of difficulty.
It is advisable not to bring Traveller’s Cheques as it is very difficult to find a bank or hotel that will cash them.
Pakistan is covered by a single time zone (GMT +5 hours).
The international dialing code for Pakistan is +92 and the city code for Islamabad is (0)51. The outgoing international code is 00, followed by the relevant country code (e.g, 001 for USA/Canada). All local landline phone numbers in Pakistan are 7 digits. There are five GSM mobile networks in operation, providing fair coverage, concentrated now in rural and urban areas, both. Internet cafes and Wifi environments exist at most places in the city, internet speeds are good particular on cellular networks as most operators now have 3G/4G.
Hospitals in Islamabad
There are 3 major hospitals in Islamabad. Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences also known as PIMS (next to G-8 Markaz), Shifa International Hospital (H-8/4) and Poly Clinic (sector G-6). Also, there are several other hospitals in Islamabad, providing extensive health care with varying price ranges.
The Blue Area and Super Market (Sector F-6, Islamabad) both have trustworthy names in drug stores, Shaheen, Mediplus and D. Watson, for example. Some good pharmacies may even have a doctor/pharmacist at the facility, should a quick suggestion be required.
Power Supply and Plugs
Official standard is 230 V / 50 Hz. Voltage tolerance is 230 V ±5% (218 V to 242 V). Frequency 50 Hz ±2%.
Type C and D Plug / Socket are common for low-power devices.
Type M Plug / Socket is common for air conditioners and high-power devices.
Type G Plug / Socket is less common.
Islamabad Emergency Numbers
Fire Brigade: 16
Metro Radio-Cab 111-222-787 (http://www.metrocab.com.pk/)
Please visit the link given below;